What is Congenital Club Foot?
Congenital clubfoot is a common pediatric foot deformity. Congenital deformities are developmental disorders that are present at birth. Several factors such as genetics, teratogenic drugs and chemicals can cause congenital deformities.
How Does Congenital Club foot Appear?
The feet twist inward and downward at the ankles in such a way that the ankle or side of the foot meets the ground while walking instead of the sole of the foot. It is twice as common in males as females. The leg and foot may be smaller and calves less developed than normal.
How is Club Foot/Pediatric Foot Deformity Diagnosed?
Diagnosis of pediatric foot deformities involves gathering information about the symptoms and conducting a thorough physical examination of the foot and ankle. Clubfoot can be diagnosed during a routine ultrasound performed during pregnancy itself. X-rays of the foot may be required to confirm the diagnosis made clinically.
What are the Treatment Options for Club Foot/Pediatric Foot Deformity?
The initial treatment for clubfoot is the use of non-surgical methods, preferably begun in the first week of life. Repeated manipulation and casting using the Ponseti method comprise the non-surgical treatment modalities. Following this, a surgical procedure may be performed to release a tight Achilles tendon.